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Vitamins For Dogs – Supplement Guide For All Dog Owners

Vitamins For Dogs
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Pharmacies and gyms are always filled with tons and tons of human vitamins. With plenty of options, it’s totally logical that we believe if some of these vitamins are also vitamins for dogs.

In reality, does your pet dog really require vitamins?

Most importantly, are there any hidden health risks linked to vitamins for dogs?

Moreover, what vitamins suit your dog? Suppose, if you still have any doubts like these, this article will provide all the necessary answers.

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Vitamins For Dog Video And Infographic

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Infographic

 

Vitamins For Dogs Infographics

Vitamins - An Introduction

Vitamins are complex organic compounds that sustain life. In general, vitamins are easily present in our food.

In addition, pets like cats and dogs also require vitamins for overall growth and development.

Some of the popular vitamins both animals and humans require to include

  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
  • B vitamins (vitamin B-12, vitamin B-6, thiamine, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, niacin, folate, and biotin)
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin E
  • Choline
  • Vitamin K

In fact,  pet dogs also need these vitamins, but the difference is that they may require these vitamins in different amounts.

Vitamin A For Dogs

Name of the VitaminFunctionsRequired Intake Symptoms of Excess/ Deficiency
Vitamin A (Thiamine)• Transmembrane protein transfer
• Cellular differentiation
• Growth of fetal
• Stabilizes immune function
• Promotes overall growth
• Provides healthy vision
379 µg• Lack of growth
• Neurological problems and weight loss
• Nervous system damage
• Heart problems in dogs

Vitamin A provides good vision for dogs. In addition, vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that manages the cell function, immune function, fetal development, and overall growth.

Also called as retinol, vitamin A plays a major role in handling different biological processes.

Your pet doggie requires around 2272 IU (International Units) of vitamin A.  Also, the excess dose of this vitamin is around 50 times this range.

Being fat soluble, vitamin A excess can lead to toxicity issues.

Vitamin B1 For Dogs

Name of the VitaminFunctionsRequired Intake Symptoms of Excess/ Deficiency
Vitamin B 1 (Thiamine)• Carbohydrate and energy metabolism
• The growth of ion channels particularly in neural tissue
0.56 mg• Lack of growth
• Neurological problems and weight loss
• Nervous system damage
• Heart problems in dogs

Known as thiamine, vitamin B1 manages to support the nervous system and also manages metabolism of food and appetite stimulation.

Symptoms of Vitamin B1 deficiency in dogs

  • Loss of appetite
  • Bodily control defect
  • Weakness

 

vitamin-b1-vitamins-for-dogs

 

How much vitamin B1 your dog actually requires to stay healthy?

In fact, you should give your dog around 0.56 mg /lb daily.

Vitamin B2 For Dogs

Name of the VitaminFunctionsRequired IntakeSymptoms of Excess/ Deficiency
Vitamin B 2 (Riboflavin)Handles enzyme functions1.3 mg• Anorexia
• Eye lesions
• Flaking dermatitis
• Muscular weakness

Commonly known as riboflavin, vitamin B2 proves effective for healthy eyes and good vision. In addition, riboflavin also manages your dog’s cardiovascular function.

Moreover, this vitamin encourages your dog to manufacture niacin from tryptophan, the amino acid. How much vitamin B2 or riboflavin does your dog require on a daily basis?

Your pet,  in particular, requires not less than 1.3 mg of vitamin B2 on a daily basis.

Vitamin B3 For Dogs

Name of the VitaminFunctionsRequired IntakeSymptoms of Excess/ Deficiency
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)Effectively manages enzyme functions4.0 mg• Convulsions
• Bloody diarrhoea
• Continuous salivation
• Inflammation of throat, cheeks, and lips
• Weight loss
• Anorexia

Also known as niacin, this vitamin is vital for proper energy production, healthy nerves, and skin. Moreover, dogs that suffer from niacin deficiency may show signs of depleting appetite, bloody diarrhoea, and inflamed gums.

How much vitamin B3 does your dog require?

In general, you should feed your dog with 4 mg/lb of niacin every day.

Vitamin B5 For Dogs

Name of the VitaminFunctionsRequired IntakeSymptoms of Excess/ Deficiency
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)Effectively regulates enzyme functions4 mg• Reduced antibody function
• Gastrointestinal signs
• Convulsions
• Rapid heart rates and respiratory functions
• Coma or sudden prostration
• Indifferent food intake

Pantothenic acid or vitamin B5 regulates hormone production and food metabolism. In addition, dogs prone to vitamin B5 deficiency can show signs of premature greying and may lose hair.

 

vitamin-b5-vitamins-for-dogs

 

How much vitamin B5 does your dog require on a daily basis?

You should feed your dog with at least 4 mg of vitamin B5 daily.

Vitamin B6 For Dogs

Name of the VitaminFunctionsRequired IntakeSymptoms of Excess/ Deficiency
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)• Gene activation
• Regulates hormone
• Manages immune response
• Handles nervous system
• Promotes synthesis of niacin
0.4mg• Muscle weakness
• Impairment of balance and motor control
• Anaemia in older dogs
• Muscle twitching
• Convulsions
• Weight loss in puppies
• Anorexia in puppies

Also known as pyridoxine, vitamin B6 enables the body to produce insulin, haemoglobin, and enough red blood cells. In short, vitamin B6 deficiency results in anaemia in dogs and some dogs are susceptible to skin lesions as well.

How much is vitamin B6 right for your dog?

It’s recommended that you provide your dogs with 0.4 mg of pyridoxine or vitamin B6.

Vitamin B7 For Dogs

Name of the VitaminFunctionsRequired IntakeSymptoms of Excess/ Deficiency
Vitamin B7(Biotin)Facilitates digestion.001 mg/lb• Very poor coat condition
• Dry Skin
• Intestinal problems

Called as biotin, vitamin B7 facilitates digestion. In addition, this vitamin guides your body to break down proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.

Additionally, intestinal disruptions results due to vitamin B7 deficiency along with poor coat condition, and dry skin.

What’s the right amount of vitamin B7 for dogs?

You can feed your dog with 0.001 mg of vitamin B7.

Vitamin B12 For Dogs

Name of the VitaminFunctionsRequired IntakeSymptoms of Excess/ Deficiency
Vitamin B12(Cobalamin)Manages Enzyme functions9 µgC• Bone marrow changes
• Anaemia
• Lack of WBC
• Appetite loss

At times, vitamin B12 is also called as cobalamin. In addition, this vitamin promotes the construction of RNA and DNA material, builds red blood cells, and manages the nervous system.

What’s the right amount of vitamin B12 for dogs?

Normally, dogs require a very minuscule amount of cobalamin (vitamin B12). They don’t need more than .00025 mg/lb on a daily basis.

Vitamin C For Dogs

Name of the VitaminFunctionsRequired IntakeSymptoms of Excess/ Deficiency
Vitamin C• Manages cognitive ageing
• Reduces inflammation
• Fights harmful free radicals
NA• Bone marrow changes
• Anaemia
• Lack of WBC
• Appetite loss

In general, vitamin C performs a very crucial function. Also known as ascorbic acid, vitamin C enables your dog’s body to manufacture collagen.

The collagen is an important tissue that secures the body’s ligaments, tendons, organs, muscles and bones.

What’s the correct amount of vitamin C required by the dog?

In fact, dogs manufacture their own ascorbic acid naturally.

Folic Acid For Dogs

Name of the VitaminFunctionsRequired IntakeSymptoms of Excess/ Deficiency
Folic Acid• Regulates nucleotide and amino acid metabolism
• Mitochondrial protein synthesis
68 µg• Reduction in haemoglobin concentration
• Weight loss

Folic acid, in general, performs a crucial part in the growth of red blood cells. In addition, it can also lead to protecting cardiovascular health. Folic acid deficiency in dogs can cause anaemia.

What’s the right amount of folic acid?

Dogs need around 68 µg of folic acid on a daily basis.

Vitamin D For Dogs

Name of the VitaminFunctionsRequired IntakeSymptoms of Excess/ Deficiency
Vitamin D• Balances phosphorous content
• Manages mineral status
3.4 µg• Muscle atrophy
• Brittle and weak hair
• Dehydration
• Soft tissue calcification
• Vomiting
• Diarrhoea
• Weakness
• Anorexia

“The Sunshine vitamin”  or vitamin D facilitates the right balance of minerals like calcium and phosphorous. Moreover, without sufficient vitamin D, your dog will find it difficult to maintain or develop healthy bones or muscles.

Also, vitamin D3 plays an important part in securing calcium. Overall, vitamin D deficiency results in poor tooth growth and rickets.

Vitamin K For Dogs

Name of the VitaminFunctionsRequired IntakeSymptoms of Excess/ Deficiency
Vitamin K Regulates dog’s blood clotting functionNA• Weak blood clotting ability
• Can cause haemorrhage

The dog’s body absorbs vitamin K via bacteria present in the intestine and also through different food sources. Importantly, vitamin K helps in the clotting process and it also promotes bone and health development.

The main signs of vitamin K deficiency include altered clotting and bleeding of blood. And intake of mouse poison causes haemorrhage in dogs.

Vitamin E For Dogs

Name of the VitaminFunctionsRequired IntakeSymptoms of Excess/ Deficiency
Vitamin E (Tocopherol)• Protects essential fatty acids and blood cells
• Fights against oxidative damage
8 mg• Retinal degeneration
• Reproductive failure
• Deterioration of skeletal muscles

Vitamin E defends the dog’s resistance against oxidative damage. Furthermore, this vitamin is necessary for fat metabolism and cell function. Vitamin E deficiency can cause muscle and eye degeneration and problems related to reproduction.

What’s the exact amount of vitamin E your dog requires?

As a matter of fact, your dog requires around 8 mg of vitamin E on a daily basis.

Choline For Dogs

Name of the VitaminFunctionsRequired IntakeSymptoms of Excess/ Deficiency
CholineSupports healthy liver and brain function
Fights against oxidative damage
NACauses phospholipid cell membrane damage

Choline plays a prominent role in supporting the phospholipid cell membrane. Not to mention, choline supports healthy liver and brain function and is regularly used to treat pets suffering from epilepsy.

Do Dogs Require Vitamin Supplements Like Humans?

As you are already aware, your dog produces vitamins from his diet. Especially, commercial dog foods labelled balanced and complete are prepared to include all the vital nutrients, minerals, and vitamins your dog requires.

Moreover, food catered toward various life stages including senior food, adult food, and puppy food contain nutrients based on the dog’s age and need.

Especially, large breed dog foods require these supplements as they are prone to hip dysplasia. Importantly, dogs that eat a regular balanced diet should not be fed additional vitamins unless instructed by your vet.

Dogs eating a Homemade diet

On the contrary, dogs eating homemade food may need extra supplements for overall growth and development.

However, these supplements should be matched with your dog’s diet and simply feeding them will not produce the desired result.

Is There Any Disadvantage Linked With Dog Vitamins?

Firstly, vitamins are necessary for proper growth. Most people are already aware that feeding their dog with excessive calcium can result in skeletal problems.

Furthermore, excessive intake of vitamin A causes blood vessel damage, joint pain, and dehydration.

Besides, there are not many extensive studies that have researched the prolonged use of dog vitamins.  Not to mention, some vitamin supplement can disturb your dog’s in-progress medication.

Finally, all dog owners should sit with their vets before deciding upon a suitable nutritional plan.

Simple Steps To Select A Dog Vitamin

The safest of all measures include talking to your family vet about your dog’s exact requirement. You better contact your vet and then decide about the right vitamin dosage.

Notably, human vitamins may contain toxic additives and also these vitamins will have the specific concentration to meet our requirement. This means the dog owner should feed the dog only with vet specific supplement.

At times, your vet may suggest including your dog’s food with vegetables and fruits and not vitamins. To sum up, vitamins form the core of dog health. Feeding the right quality dog diet is the only way to make sure your pet dog is absorbing all the important vitamins.

Suppose, if you still need any clarification in this matter, do not hesitate to contact your vet as soon as possible.

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