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Vaccination In Pets – Prevent Health Issues That Affect Your Pets

Vaccination In Pets
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Like humans, pets also require vaccines. In general, vaccination in pets is always a hotly debated topic. When you become an esteemed pet parent, the adoption centre will provide a vaccination timetable; and many would believe that their job is over.

In reality, is it that simple?

As a matter of fact, with our pets, many pet owners continue giving booster shots in spite these pets move well into their older years.

However, vaccines help to prevent many health issues that affect your pets. Therefore, the most simple yet effective way to remain on track with vaccinations is to just follow the instructions of a vet you know well.

What is a vaccine exactly?

Vaccines are healthy products designed to produce strong immune responses and stimulate the immune system to safeguard future infections. Normally, vaccines trigger the pet’s immune system production of powerful antibodies that prevents and kills disease-causing organisms.

Overall, vaccines provide protection against numerous diseases that can stop or reduce certain diseases completely.

Vaccination In Pets Infographic

Vaccination For Pets Infographics

Vaccination In Dogs

In reality, vaccination is a process that contains benefits and risks that must be considered for every puppy and dog proportionate to his health and lifestyle.

By all means, your vet will decide a vaccination regime that provides the best protection and safest for your puppy and dog.

Core vaccines:

  • Core vaccines are considered for all dogs based on the severity of disease, a risk of exposure and transmissibility to humans.
  • Distemper, canine parvovirus, rabies and canine hepatitis are some of the core vaccines.

Non-core vaccines:

  • It depends upon dog exposure risk.
  • These vaccines guard your dogs against Borrelia burgdorferi, leptospira bacteria and Bordetella bronchiseptica.

Puppy vaccination schedule:

Puppy’s AgeRecommended VaccinationOptional Vaccination
6 – 8 weeksMeasles, distemper, parainfluenzaBordetella
10 – 12 weeksDHPP (vaccines for adenovirus, distemper, parvovirus and parainfluenza)Leptospirosis, lyme disease, bordetella and coronavirus
12 – 24 weeksRabies None
14 – 16 weeksDHPPCoronavirus, leptospiros and lyme disease
12 – 16 monthsRabies, DHPP Leptospirosis, lyme disease, coronavirus and bordetella
Every 1 – 2 yearsDHPPLeptospirosis, lyme disease, coronavirus and bordetella
Every 1 – 3 yearsRabies (by law)none

Average price range of vaccination in dogs:

  • The average cost varies between – USD $ 75 to USD $ 100. This list includes all the core vaccines for the period- 6 +, 12+, and 16+ weeks
  • The core vaccines are – DHLPP (distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvo, and parainfluenza)
  • Rabies vaccine – USD $ 15 to USD $ 20

Are any vaccines suggested by law?

In fact, each state has designed their own laws governing the decision of this rabies vaccine. In some areas, annual rabies vaccination is recommended.

However, in certain areas, vaccines are required once in three years. But, a latest canine rabies vaccination looks a must in every sense.

Rattlesnake Vaccine for Dogs:

  • This vaccine is specifically designed by red rock biologics, to produce antibiotics against western diamondback rattlesnake venom.
  • It is effective against snakes with similar venoms, like timber rattlesnake, sidewinder and copperhead.
  • It does not protect against coral or water moccasin’s snakes venom.

Is there any risk associated with vaccines?

  • In order to protect from similar infection, immunization mildly stimulates the dog’s immune system.
  • This may create symptoms like allergic reaction and soreness.
  • Like any other medical procedure, there are always some chances of your dog catching any side effect.

Side effects of vaccination:

Vaccine reactions may be short-lived and minor, which may require immediate care of a veterinarian. There are some clinical signs which include,

  • Sluggishness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Facial swelling
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Lameness
  • Collapse
  • Seizures
  • Difficulty breathing

Vaccination In Cats

Luckily, we have plenty of vaccines to stop many illnesses that trouble cats. Not only are different vaccines available for different diseases, there are various combinations and types of vaccines.

Your vet will determine a regime that provides the best and safest protection for your individual pet cat.

Cat and kitten vaccination schedule:

Age Recommended Vaccination
6-8 weeksCore vaccines:
Feline Distemper, Feline Rhinotracheitis.
8 WeeksFVRCP Vaccine (Panleukopenia, Rhinotracheitis Calicivirus and Feline Viral)
10-12 WeeksFeline Leukemia
12 WeeksFVRCP Booster(Feline Leukemia Virus)
16 WeeksFVRCP Booster(Rabies Vaccine)
1 YearRabies, Feline Leukemia, Chlamydia

The average price range of vaccination in cats:

  • 6 to 8 weeks – FVRCP (distemper), Pyrantel (deworming) – USD $ 31 onwards
  • 9 to 12 weeks – FeLV, FVRCP, Pyrantel – USD $ 54 onwards
  • 12 weeks to 6 months – Rabies, FeLV, Pyrantel, FVRCP – USD $ 69

Noncore vaccines for cats:

These noncore vaccines depend upon individual cat’s lifestyle risk and benefit assessment.

Side effects of vaccination:

Some cats show ill effect due to vaccination. Clinical signs include,

  • Sluggishness
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Lameness
  • Redness and swelling around the injection site

Vaccination For Snakes

There is good news for snake owners. In fact, Snakes do not catch diseases like rabies or parvo. Most of the snake pets live an isolated life.

My pet snake appears very healthy. Does he need regular vet check-up?

Within 48 hours, ensure that your pet snake is checked by a qualified vet. The visit means the snake’s parameters such as weight, bumps, lumps, and all external parasites are thoroughly examined.

In addition, the pet snake will be investigated for malnutrition and dehydration. The oral cavity will also be examined for symptoms of mouth rot. Furthermore, faecal tests determine any signs of internal parasites if present.

Moreover, snakes normally do not require any vaccines but they may need other check-ups like X-rays, culture test, and blood test.




Do snakes need the vaccine?

  • Snakes do not transmit any communicable diseases. Accordingly, there is no need of any vaccines for your snake pet.
  • If they fall ill, then contact your veterinarian immediately.

5 Great Pet Snakes:

  1. Corn snake
  2. Ball python
  3. Gopher snake
  4. California kingsnake
  5. Rosy boa

Vaccination For Fish

Vaccination of fish is to protect against bacterial and viral diseases. Fish vaccines will decrease mortality and ensure the healthy lifestyle.

Before vaccination, you should consider several criteria such as a type of antigen, fish species, immune response kinetics, vaccine administration route and type of immune response like cellular or humoral.

Immersion vaccination

Skin gills and epithelium have techniques to safeguard fish in a broad way. This type of vaccination works on the capacity of mucosal organisms to identify pathogens they were in contact with.

When the fish gets immersed in water having the diluted vaccine, the fish’s gills and skin will absorb the same.

There are two types in immersion vaccination method

  1. In the dip, vaccination techniques mean the one where the fish is immersed in a vaccine tank.
  2. In bath vaccination technique, they are exposed to the vaccine solution for a long period of time.

Oral Vaccination

With this type of vaccination, the vaccines are either mixed or bio-encapsulated. In general, bio-encapsulation is preferred where fish fry requires vaccination. In this case, rotifers, copepods, Artemia nauplii are kept in a vaccine.

The main advantage of oral vaccination is the fact that it’s very easy to administer. On the other hand, the oral vaccines offer very less stability once combined with the feed.

Injection Vaccination

Normally, fish lovers avoid injection vaccination because the stress from this technique could cause high mortality.

In contrast, studies conducted by industry experts have confirmed that the mortality rate connected with the vaccination is quite less.

Two recommended vaccines:

Two recommended fish vaccines which are vital for a fish’s overall growth include-

  • MONTANIDE™ ISA: Water-in-Oil emulsions for intraperitoneal injection.
  • MONTANIDE™ IMS: Micro-emulsions vaccination by immersion.

All the identifications of MONTANIDE™ are used in vaccination to protect from fish diseases like,

  • Furunculosis
  • Yersinia
  • Pasteurellosis
  • Vibriosis
  • Streptococcus
  • Aeromonas

Vaccinations For Birds

In general, polyomavirus is regarded as one of the most common viral infections that affect birds. A blood test can determine the presence of this virus. However, there is no proper cure for this disease.

Can polyomavirus be controlled or cured? The most popular method for managing avian polyomavirus infections is via effective and safe vaccine.

What birds need vaccination?

  • Some of the birds that are admitted to polyoma are,
  • Younger bird
  • Macaws
  • Caiques and etc.


  • Polyomavirus is a commercial vaccine for parrots.
  • This vaccine is recommended at 21 days of age and repeats it after two weeks.
  • It is a yearly vaccine.

Side effects of polyomavirus in birds:

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dehydration
  • Weight loss
  • Tremors
  • Paralysis
  • Bleeding below the skin
  • Excessive urination
  • A swollen abdomen
  • Feather abnormalities
  • Regurgitation

Vaccinations For Rabbit

Rabbits need vaccination to protect themselves against hemorrhagic disease and myxomatosis.

These diseases are known to cause intense suffering in rabbits.

Vaccination is strongly recommended for all rabbits.

Benefits of vaccines in rabbits:

  • Give regular boosters
  • Decreases the risk of infection by controlling insects.
  • Fleas from cats and dogs also affect rabbits. Therefore, keep the rabbit’s enclosure as clean as possible.


  • Nobivac myxo: 5 weeks
  • It’s better to get the advice of vet for suitable age to vaccinate and best vaccine.




What is Myxomatosis?

  • Myxomatosis is a virus spread by mosquitoes.
  • It is widely found in British wild rabbits.

Early symptoms of myxomatosis:

  • Swelling around ears, face and eyes, which may cause infection around the genitals or anus and also
  • Drinking and eating become increasingly difficult.
  • High fever.
  • Loss of appetite.

How it spreads?

  • Insects
  • Persists in environment
  • Contact between infected rabbits

Vaccinations For Horse

In fact, each and every horse is a separate animal, and hence discuss all your queries with your vet. To start with, horses need vaccination not only to fight against disease and also to maintain its health.

Horse vaccination schedule:

Disease/VaccineFoals And WeanlingsYearlingsPerformance Or Pleasure Horses
Tetanus toxoidNon vaccinated mare:
3-4 months: first dose
4-5 months: second dose
Vaccinated mare:
6 months: first dose
7 months: second dose
8-9 months: third dose
Venezuelan, Eastern, Equine Encephalomyelitis, Western
EEE(for high risk area):
3-4 months: first dose
4-5 months: second dose
5-6 months: third dose
WEE,EEE(for low risk areas) and VEE:
Non vaccinated mare:
3-4 months: first dose
4-5 months: second dose
5-6 months: third dose
Vaccinated mare:
6 months: first dose
7 months: second dose
8 months: third dose
Annual, springAnnual, spring
InfluenzaInactivated injectable:
Non vaccinated mare:
6 months: first dose
7 months: second dose
8 months (then at 3 month interval): third dose
Vaccinated mare:
9 months: first dose
10 months: second dose
11-12 months(then at 3 month interval): third dose
Every 3-4 monthsAnnual
InfluenzaIntranasal modified live virus:
11 months: first dose(as per vets advise)
Every 6 monthsEvery 6 months
(EHV-1 and EHV-4)
4-6 months: first dose
5-7 months: second dose
6-8 months: third dose
Every 3 to 4 monthsPerformance horses:
3-4 months yearly
Pleasure horses:
Optional: semi-annual
West Nile Virus3-4 months: first dose
1 month later: second dose
6 months: third dose
Annual booster(depends on risk)Annual booster(depends on risk)
4-6 months: first dose
5-7 months: second dose
7-8 months: third dose
12 months: fourth dose(depends upon product)
6-9 months: first dose
After 3 weeks: second dose
Semi-annualOptional: semi-annual
Botulism (inactivated type B toxoid)vaccinated mare:
2-3 months: at 30 days interval 3 dose series of toxoid
non-vaccinated mare:
consult your vet
consult your vetconsult your vet
Potomac Horse Fever5-6 months: first dose
6-7 months: second dose
Equine Viral Arteritis6-12 months: one doseAnnual for coltsAnnual for colts
Rotavirus ATo develop antibodiesNot applicableNot applicable
RabiesConsult your vetConsult your vetConsult your vet

Examples of Combination or Recommended Vaccines

  • Western and Eastern Encephalomyelitis + Tetanus toxoid
  • Western and Eastern Encephalomyelitis + Influenza virus + Tetanus toxoid
  • Western and Eastern Encephalomyelitis + EHV-1 + Influenza virus + Tetanus toxoid
  • Influenza virus + EHV 1 (rhinopneumonitis)
  • Use approved ones for protecting pregnant mares

Vaccinations For Cow

Vaccination will help your cow to fight against infectious diseases in cattle and dairy, and it includes pneumonia, Bluetongue, salmonella and ringworm.

1. Core Vaccines

  • These include Leptospirosis, BRSV, BVD, PI3, and IBR vaccines.
  • Main purpose- These vaccines safeguard cows against BVD, pneumonia, and abortion.

Killed vaccines

  • Sentry 9 Somnugen
  • Triangle 9

Modified Live Vaccines

  • Vista 5 L5 SQ
  • Express 10

Overall, the histophilus and leptospirosis components are destroyed by giving these vaccines.

2. Vaccination Protocol

Killed vaccines

  • Totally safe for consumption in non-pregnant and pregnant cows
  • Needs at least 2 injections
  • In each year, a single injection provides the much-needed immunity
  • The recommended dose is around 5cc
  • Milk withdrawal – 0 days
  • Slaughter withdrawal- 21 days

3. Modified Live Vaccines

  • The label recommends this vaccine in a non-pregnant animal only. On the other hand, Express 10 is mentioned as totally safe in pregnant cattle.
  • For the safe reason, immunization should happen about 2 weeks right before the breeding season.
  • The label suggests a Leptospirosis and BRSV booster of the vaccine.
  • In each case, a single injection improves the immunity
  • The normal dose is around 2cc per cow.
  • Milk withdrawal – 0 days
  • Slaughter withdrawal – 21 days

Vaccination Schedule For Cattle And Buffaloes:

DiseaseAge At First DoseBooster DoseSubsequent Dose
Foot and Mouth
4 months and above1 month afterSix monthly
6 months and above-Annually
Black Quarter6 months and above-Annually
Brucellosis4-8 months of age
(only for female calves)
-Once in a lifetime
Theileriosis3 months and above-Once in a lifetime
(only for exotic cattle)
Anthrax4 months and above-Annually
IBR3 months and above1 month after first doseSix monthly
RabiesAfter suspected bite4th day90 days after first dose.

Therefore vaccinations for pets are used for their prevention and for the healthy lifestyle of your pets.

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