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Polyneuropathy In Cats: Causes & Symptoms

Polyneuropathy In Cats

What Is Polyneuropathy In Cats?

Polyneuropathy is a neurological disorder that can affect cats, causing weakness and difficulty walking.

The condition is caused by damage to the peripheral nerves, which are responsible for transmitting sensory and motor signals between the brain and the rest of the body.

There are several different types of polyneuropathy that can affect cats, each with its own unique symptoms and causes.

While there is no known cure for polyneuropathy, with proper treatment and supportive care, most cats are able to manage their symptoms and live a good quality of life.

Clinical Signs Of Polyneuropathy In Cats

The symptoms of polyneuropathy in cats can vary depending on the underlying cause and the severity of the condition.

Some of the most common symptoms may include:

  • Weakness in the limbs
  • Difficulty walking or standing
  • Loss of coordination or balance
  • Muscle wasting or atrophy
  • Pain or discomfort in the affected limbs
  • Loss of reflexes
  • Inability to jump or climb
  • Reduced appetite or weight loss
  • Difficulty swallowing or drooling
  • Changes in behavior or personality
  • Depression
  • Loss Of Vision
  • Bumping Into Things
  • Seizures
  • Head Shaking
  • Loss Of Balance
  • Weakness
  • Lack Of Appetite
  • Paralysis

Treatment Options For Polyneuropathy In Cats

The treatment for polyneuropathy in cats will depend on the underlying cause and severity of the condition.

In some cases, the condition may be reversible if the underlying cause can be identified and treated.

For example, if polyneuropathy is caused by a nutritional deficiency, supplementing the cat's diet with the appropriate vitamins and minerals may help to alleviate symptoms.

In most cases, however, treatment for polyneuropathy in cats is supportive and aimed at managing symptoms.

This may include medications to control pain and inflammation, as well as physical therapy or rehabilitation to help improve muscle tone and coordination.

In severe cases, hospitalization and intensive supportive care may be necessary.

Home Remedies For Polyneuropathy In Cats

There are no specific home remedies that can cure polyneuropathy in cats. However, there are several steps that you can take to help manage your cat's symptoms and improve their overall quality of life.

Some of these may include:

  • Providing a safe and comfortable environment for your cat, with easy access to food, water, and litter boxes.
  • Encouraging gentle exercises, such as short walks or gentle stretching exercises, to help improve muscle tone and coordination.
  • Providing a balanced and nutritious diet that is appropriate for your cat's age, health status, and activity level.
  • Offering plenty of affection and attention to help reduce stress and anxiety.

How To Prevent Polyneuropathy In Cats?

Polyneuropathy is often caused by underlying medical conditions, many of which can be prevented or managed with proper care and attention.

Regular veterinary checkups, a nutritious diet, and proper hygiene can help reduce the risk of developing polyneuropathy.

Affected Cat Breeds Of Polyneuropathy

Polyneuropathy can affect any breed of cat, but certain breeds are more susceptible to certain types of polyneuropathy.

Siamese and related breeds, such as Balinese and Oriental Shorthair, are more prone to develop distal polyneuropathy, while Persian and Himalayan breeds are more likely to develop paraneoplastic polyneuropathy.

Causes For Polyneuropathy In Cats


There are several different types of polyneuropathy that can affect cats, each with its own unique causes.

Some of the most common causes of polyneuropathy in cats may include:

  • Toxicity from certain medications or chemicals
  • Nutritional deficiencies, particularly of vitamin B12
  • Infections, such as feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) or feline leukemia virus (FeLV)
  • Inherited genetic disorders, such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
  • Trauma or injury to the nerves
  • Cancer or other tumors
  • Autoimmune disorders, such as lupus or myasthenia gravis

When To See A Vet For Polyneuropathy In Cats?

If you notice any of the symptoms of polyneuropathy in your cat, it is essential to take them to the veterinarian as soon as possible.

Your vet will perform a thorough examination, including blood tests, urine tests, and possibly a biopsy, to diagnose the underlying cause of the condition.

Food Suggestions For Polyneuropathy In Cats

Since polyneuropathy can be caused by underlying medical conditions such as diabetes, kidney disease, and liver disease, it is essential to provide your cat with a well-balanced, nutritious diet.

Consult your veterinarian for recommendations on appropriate food and feeding schedules.


Polyneuropathy is a serious neurological condition that can cause significant discomfort and complications for your cat.

While there is no cure, early detection, and prompt treatment can help manage symptoms and improve your cat's quality of life.

As a cat owner, it's essential to be aware of the symptoms and risk factors associated with polyneuropathy and take preventative measures to ensure your cat's overall health and well-being.

If you notice any signs of polyneuropathy, seek veterinary care immediately. With proper care and attention, you can help your cat live a happy, healthy life.

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