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Persian Cat Breed Information And Complete Guide

Persian Cat
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Persian cats are, maybe, popular for their luxurious coats, big eyes, and flat faces, but there’s something more to these amazing cute kitties than just mere looks.

Persians are ideal companions if you prefer sweet, well-natured partners.

These breeds are loyal to their humans. They are glamour cats of the feline world. A cat with even-temper, the Persians are ready to show sudden bursts of energy.

Persian Cat Video

Persian Cat Breed Info

  • Origin: Iran
  • Size: Medium
  • Purebred: Yes
  • Lifespan: 8-11 years
  • Height: Males-10-15 inches, Females -10-14 inches
  • Weight: Males -12 lbs, Females 8-12 lbs
  • Coat Appearance: Soft, silky, long coat
  • Coat Colors: Silver, golden, white, blue, black, red, cream
  • Temperament: Quiet, gentle, composed, amazing, affectionate, laid-back
  • Good With Children: Better with supervision
  • Good With Pets: Better with supervision
  • Hypoallergenic: No
  • Grooming: Moderate
  • Shedding: Moderate
  • Suitable For Apartments: Yes
  • Need For Exercise: Low
  • Easy To Train: No
  • Good For First Time Owners: Yes
  • Health Issues: Brachycephalic airway syndrome, Ringworm, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Progressive retinal atrophy, Hip dysplasia
  • Litter Size: 3-5 puppies
  • Average Price: $500-$1800 USD

Persian Cat Infographic

Persian Cat Infographic

Persian Cat Origin

The Persians are an ancient breed of feline, and her background is a bit mysterious. Although Persian cats are known to be in existence since the 1600s, their origins are somewhat murky.

It’s popularly believed that Persian cats first originated in Mesopotamia or modern-day Iran.

Persians, with their open pansy-like gentle faces, remain the most popular cat breed in popularity. Their gentle, sweet personalities make them a preferred household pet.

Lovers of habit, these cats are at home in a calm and safe environment, but with care and affection can very likely adapt to the worst of households.

In the late 17th century, Pietro Valle brought a cute feline from Persia, now Iran, to Italy. Experts believe that this is the famous Sand Cat, a feline who roamed in the desert.

These Sand Cats had a safe woolly coat that permits her to manage the harsh conditions of the desert.

In the 18th century, Nicolas de Pereisc owned longhaired cats. These felines were from Turkey. These Turkish felines were bred with Italian cats, and that marked the beginning of the modern-day Persian cat.

The Persian cat received a major boost in popularity when Queen Victoria feels in love at first sight with this enticing breed.

They entered the United States at the start of the 20th century.

Persian Cat Size

Persians are medium-sized cat breeds. Normally, a male Persian cat weighs between 10 lbs to 12 lbs. The females are a little bit smaller in size to weigh between 7 lbs to 10lbs.

Persian Cat Height

  • Male – 10 to 15 inches
  • Female – 10 to 14 inches

Persian Cat Lifespan

These long-haired cats have an average life expectancy of  8 to 14 years. Since they are purebred cats, their lifespan may be shortened due to the hereditary diseases they may tend to acquire.

Persian Cat Appearance

Persian cats are generally medium-sized, and they have big eyes, rounded ears, small head. They have a normal flat-face and pushed in face with chubby soft cheeks.

Both “doll-face” or “traditional” Persian cats have brilliant pointier features much like their ancestors.

Persian cats are not great jumpers. They have a powerful body with strong legs. They love to keep all four paws strongly planted or hanging over the couch.

With expressive, large eyes, and a simple voice, Persians need plenty of love, and they return it tenfold.

They have copper or blue color eyes.  Golden or silver Persians have blue-green or green eyes.

Head – Round in shape

Neck – A short, thick one

Body – Cobby

Legs – Thick and short

Paws – Firm, round, and large

Persian Cat Coat

The most significant characteristics are their silky, long coat. They have a topcoat, and also an undercoat. The topcoat feels soft and fluffy to the touch and they shed a bit.

Persians come in a range of colors and patterns including red, chocolate, cream, blue, black, and white.

Persian Cat Colors

Persians belonging to all stripes mainly stand out for their distinct coat color and pattern.

There are around seven solid color divisions

  • Lilac
  • Chocolate
  • Cream
  • Red
  • Black
  • Blue
  • White
  • Golden
  • Silver

Other color divisions include

  • Bicolor
  • Particolor
  • Calico
  • Tabby
  • Smoke
  • Shaded

Doll-Face Persians 

 They do not have the distinct features of the Persian(show), and his nose appears normal in shape.

Show-type Persians 

The show type has a simple round head. Their features are enhanced with flowing plume, short-tree trunk legs,  short body with boning, big round copper-colored eyes, a flat nose, small ears, and a thick ruff.

Persian Cat Temperament

  • The Persian cats are generally quiet, gentle cats who prefer a calm and composed environment and cat lovers who treat them very kindly.
  • Not like other cats, these cats prefer passing the time on the couch.
  • Kids are acceptable if they know how to behave with these cats because Persians do not like when someone drags them around.
  • They are a delight at your tea party and you just make sure kid treat this feline with the excellent respect he deserves.
  • These cats love to greet you with their amazing, childish meow, and he knows how to talk with his eyes.
  • He loves to spend some alone time, and your presence will definitely make him happy and energetic.
  • This coolheaded cat exhibits sudden bursts of activity. They are friendly and love to play with everyone and anyone.

Persian Cat Interesting Facts

  • These cats have existed for more than a thousand years.
  • The CFA was initiated in 1906 and this breed was the finest cats registered at that time.
  • The famous Hollywood diva Marilyn Monroe had a Persian named Mitsou.
  • These cats are sophisticated pop culture icons.
  • Turkish Angoras and this cat breed look a lot similar.
  • Popular Persian painting includes “White Persian Cat” by American artist Warren Kimble.

Persian Cat Care

Like all other cats, Persians also need plenty of love, daily exercise, and healthy diet. Make sure your cat is always kept inside.

The reason is simple –  This helps safeguard them from getting injured, contagious diseases, and heartworms.

These cats are not fighters and lovers and could easily get hurt during a tussle.

Their long hair may collect twigs, leaves, and dirt.

Simple Tips to Care For Your Cat

  • These cats can suffer from excessive tearing. Staining is also a problem. It’s necessary to wipe using a cotton cloth to help avoid brown or black smudges from forming.
  • Ensure that your cat is checked by a vet on a regular basis.
  • Never forget to brush the teeth of your cat on a regular basis. Unhealthy gums and teeth can cause infections.
  • Buy them interactive and good toys. These cats are laid back by nature. Use a catnip and they will get them to move instantly.
  • Do you find your cat scratching your furniture? Install a scratching post. If your cat overlooks your scratch post, use some catnip.


Persian Cat Grooming

Persian cats have a lengthy, and wonderful coat. Though it may seem smooth and appealing, maintaining their fur remains a very big task.

In general, Persians need more brushing and grooming than any other cat breed.

These breeds are recognized with the help of their lengthy, unique fur. To keep her fur beautiful and healthy, try these simple grooming tips-

Do Persian Cats Need Heavy Grooming?

When we talk about these breeds, you should be prepared to put in extra effort to maintain their coat. These kittens and cats normally shed their fur mainly in the summer and spring but need daily brushing. Their long hair can easily form tufts and knots.

They are susceptible to hairballs because of their tendency to swallow different quantities of hair.

To reduce the intake of hairballs, you are advised to follow a proper grooming schedule.

Another major problem is that these cats produce tears. Since this cat breed always tears on a constant basis, it’s good to wipe and keep her eyes clean with a sanitized, damp cloth.

Persian Cat Grooming Tips 

It’s really good to begin brushing as early as possible. By this way, you will help her maintain the best quality and remain as a fun activity.

Buy a vet recommended cat comb to remove excess dirt, knots, and hair. Concentrate on areas under the cat’s neck, and also behind their ears. Legs and hind end are other areas where the knots appear with ease.

Keep an eye and check for any fleas unusual lumps, and wounds.

Never pull out the mats. This could lead to potential bald spots and inconvenience. Use your fingers or a de-matting tool, or cat comb.

Grooming Tips

Persian cats, with different lengths of hair, need different methods of grooming. Based on your cat’s length, you should use the appropriate tools for grooming.

  • Remember to maintain the comb gently to prevent skin problems
  • Use a toothed metal cat comb
  • Try a brush with natural bristles
  • Toothed gloves are best for short-haired cats. Use toothed gloves and massage the cat’s fur in the opposite direction. This exercise will not only remove excess hair and also stimulate the skin.

Bath Tips

  • Try a formulated soap when bathing your cat, and always consult your vet before introducing any changes.
  • Use cotton balls and cover the ears to prevent waterlogging.

Choosing the right diet

Grooming is just a part of managing your cat’s fur. A balanced nutritional diet is another factor in maintaining her health and fur.

Persian Cat Training

Most cat owners believe that felines cannot be trained because cats do not respond as the way a dog does.

To train and groom a cat you always need plenty of time and patience. When you actually bring your feline home for the very first time, your pet would want to explore the new surroundings.

Set a schedule for your feline to have food and water. Never feed them with extra meals as and when you like.

You also need to take steps to train your cat to use the litter box. These cats are smart and will pick habits quite easily.

The more and more you pamper them, they will end up being naughty. But, you should stop them if they are being too demanding.

Persian cats are more like babies. You should never resort to negative reinforcement training at any cost.

Simple Tips to Train Your Persian Cat

The very first step involves understanding your cat. It needs a lot of patience and creativity.

Training your cat offers a lot of health benefits. You are ideally stimulating his mind and body, which helps keep him strong and healthy.

Spending time together improves the bond between you and your cat. Teach him tricks like fetch and wave, you can easily teach him different behaviors like to come, stay, and sit when called.

The basic step involves finding the best treat that your feline goes crazy for. You can try fresh cut chicken in small pieces, bits of tuna, and commercial feline treats.

After identifying treats, follow reward-based training.

If you would want your pet to sit and stay and you should start with these steps-

  • Make sure you gain your cat’s attention. Place the treat in your fingers and make an arc-like sign.
  • Many felines will follow this motion and in the process, their butt will touch the ground.
  • The minute your cat’s butt hits the ground, kindly praise him and give him a treat. Even if your cat does not sit properly, give the treat to encourage him.
  • Over several tries, give him a treat, until he’s into a clean sit with his rear.
  • Use a clicker. If you are not used to a clicker, try to use a pen that always makes a clicking sound. As and when you notice your cat doing the right behavior, you click and offer him a treat.
  • Cats always learn through repetition. You better keep your training sessions quite short.
  • Bear in mind, cats behave very badly to punishment. Punishment causes stress, and stress leads to problematic behaviors in felines.
  • Persuasion, and not punishment, is the best for your cat.

What Are Persian Cat Health Issues?

These breeds are considered as one of the most popular breeds. They are known to suffer from the peculiar physical build, they suffer from recurring problems.

Some of the common health issues faced by this cat include 

1. Hip dysplasia – This genetic issue can cause dragging or lameness of the leg. Cats suffering from this problem can develop osteoarthritis. Based on your pet’s severity, talk to your vet for the best possible treatment.

2. Progressive retinal atrophy – This condition causes loss of sight.

3. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy –  The heart muscle walls thicken and it eventually stops working efficiently. A specialist care schedule can help you manage the condition.

4. Ringworm – Ringworm causes painful scaling and crusting of the skin. Vets suggest oral medication and medicated shampoo.

5. Brachycephalic airway syndrome – Persians suffer from a long soft palate and narrow nasal passage. Breathing is a problem for cats suffering from this condition.

Persian Cat Food

These cats are choosy eaters. This could also be due to dental issues. When considering feline foods for your cats, understand your cat’s chewing habits.

Being an indoor cat, Persians are susceptible to several risk factors including calcium oxalate urolithiasis or bladder stones.

So, it’s always a good idea to change the brands on a regular basis.

Dry feline food is always popular because of its storage value, and price. Some felines love the crunchy dry food.

You should check your feline’s health on a regular basis.

A class apart, Persian cats exhibit a sense of charm and no surprise they rule the people’s hearts all over the globe.  They love several small meals.

Their brachycephalic head and distinct shape of the jaw make it hard for them to chew.

They are selfless bundles of energy and fun in comparison to different other cat breeds.

Persian Cat Eating Habits

  1. Digestive problem

To reduce Persian’s digestive problem, it’s really necessary that they should always be fed with absorbable proteins, fibers, and probiotics.

  1. Excellent Skin

Foods containing Omega 3 fatty acids (DHA and EPA) will help your cat maintain the best skin.

  1. Hairball reduction

These cats have the habit of swallowing a large quantity of hair. It is advised that they are fed with high fiber food to help stimulate stomach transit and limit hairball formation.

Persian Cat Names

Wow! You just brought a kitten! Naming a cat is not a simple process. These cats come in a range of color and the breed’s “show” version is a bit more exuberant.

They have a laid-back, and gentle personality. Before choosing a name, analyze their personality and then decide.

So, it’s high time you come up with a nice name for your pristine little beauty.

Persian Cat Names Male

  • Zeus – Ancient Greek God
  • Yeti – A Bigfoot-like creature
  • Sam – Means “God has heard”
  • Charlie – Means “man” in old English
  • Max – The one with a big heart
  • Seba – A shorter version of the name “Sebastian”
  • Aladdin – Means “Nobility of faith”
  • Titan – The most powerful person
  • Genie – A magical spirit
  • Dana – Wise

Persian Cat Names Female

  • Elaheh – Goddess
  • Fairuza – Woman of victory
  • Gulshan – A rose garden
  • Laleh – Tulip
  • Nahid – Goddess of fertility
  • Nousha – Nice
  • Rosana – Star of magnificence
  • Sanaz – Proud
  • Simin – Made of silver
  • Ziba – Beautiful

Persian Cat Price

When you consider buying a Persian, you should be aware that the price of a cat could depend on several factors. These factors include location, the ancestry of the bloodlines, breeder reputation and so on.

The average cost of a Persian cat is around $500 USD.

If the kitten’s ancestry is registered, this factor will also increase the price.

Bear in mind, show quality cats cost much more than normal domestic cats.

The rarity of the cat’s color and the health guarantee offered by the breeder shoots up the price. Reputed breeders will get their cats regularly checked by a vet.

The price range of a purebred kitten should be between $500 and $1800 USD.

Persian Cat Breeders

  • Pelaqita Persian
    Pleasantville, OH 43148
  • Collywobbles Cattery
    New York
  • Dollface Kittens
    Northern Missouri


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