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Affenpinscher Dog Breed Information & Characteristics

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The Affenpinscher, also known as the “Monkey Terrier,” is a small breed that originated in Germany. Known for their distinct appearance and lively personality, Affenpinschers make wonderful companions and family pets.

Affenpinscher Breed Characteristics

  • Origin: Germany
  • Size: Small
  • Dog Breed Group: Pinscher (FCI) Toy Dog (AKC, CKC, KC), Companion Dogs (UKC)
  • Purebred: Yes
  • Lifespan: 10-16 Years
  • Height: Male 10-12 Inches (25-30 Cm), Female: 10-12 Inches (25-30 Cm)
  • Weight: Males 3 – 6 Kg (6-13 Lbs) And Females 3-6 Kg (6-13  Lbs)
  • Coat Appearance: Thick, Coarse, Harsh-Textured And Swirled Coat
  • Coat Colors: Black, Silver, Gray, Black, And Tan (With Symmetrical Markings), And Red (Brownish-Red To An Orangey-Tan).
  • Temperament: Affectionate,  Courageous, Devoted, Easygoing, Friendly, Laidback,  Intelligent, Keen, Outgoing, Playful, Pleasant, Responsive, Social, Spirited
  • Good With Children: Yes
  • Intelligence Level: High
  • Good With Pets: No
  • Hypoallergenic: Yes
  • Grooming: Average
  • Shedding: Minimal
  • Barking: High
  • Suitable For Apartments: Yes
  • Need For Exercise: Average
  • Easy To Train: Yes
  • Good For First-Time Owners: Yes
  • Health Issues: Patellar Luxation, Hip Dysplasia, Lick Granuloma, Cataracts, Tracheal Collapse, Heart Problems
  • Litter Size: 3-5 Puppies
  • Average Price: $1500 – $2000, £900 For KC Registered, £500 For Non-KC Registered

Affenpinscher Infographic

Affenpinscher Infographic

Affenpinscher History

The Affenpinscher has a long and fascinating history. This breed’s roots can be traced back to the 17th century in Germany, where it was primarily bred as a ratter.

Its name “Affenpinscher” derives from the German word “Affe,” which means monkey, reflecting its monkey-like facial features.

During the 19th century, the Affenpinscher gained popularity as a companion dog, particularly among the European nobility. They were prized for their amusing nature, loyalty, and ability to keep vermin at bay.

The breed’s distinctive coat, which resembles the wiry fur of a terrier, was developed to protect them from harsh weather conditions while on the hunt.

Is Affenpinscher, The Right Dog For You?

If you want a dog who…

  • Is small, easy to carry, and doesn’t take up much space
  • Looks like a feisty, wiry-coated terrier
  • Is light-footed, quick-moving, inquisitive, and “busybody”
  • The Small dog with a “big dog” attitude (which can be amusing to watch)
  • Makes an excellent watchdog
  • Doesn’t need a lot of exercises

An Affen may be right for you.

If you don’t want to deal with…

  • The fragility of toy breeds
  • Suspiciousness and/or sharpness toward strangers and strange dogs
  • Stubbornness (a mind of his own), demanding, tossing tantrums or sulking
  • Regular brushing and grooming requirements
  • Housebreaking difficulties and Barking
  • Waiting lists (hard to find)

An Affen may not be right for you.

Affenpinscher Size

The Affenpinscher is a small-sized dog breed. They typically stand between 9 to 11.5 inches (23-29 cm) at the shoulder and weigh around 7 to 9 pounds (3-4 kg).

Despite their diminutive size, Affenpinschers possess a sturdy and compact build.

Affenpinscher Lifespan

On average, Affenpinschers have a lifespan of 12 to 15 years. However, with proper care, a healthy diet, and regular exercise, some individuals have been known to live even longer.

It’s important for prospective owners to understand the commitment involved in providing a loving and nurturing environment for their Affenpinscher throughout its lifespan.

Affenpinscher Coat Color

  • Black
  • Silver
  • Gray
  • Black And Tan (With Symmetrical Markings)
  • Red (Brownish-Red To An Orangey-Tan)

The hair is thick, coarse, harsh-textured, and swirled coat– approximately one inch in length on the body, back, and shoulders; shorter on the tail and the rear; and longer, less harsh, and shaggier on the chest, stomach, neck, and legs.

The hair on the neck and chest may be longer for Adult dogs, forming a cape or mane that blends into the back coat at the withers area. The monkey look is maintained by the longer hair on the head, beard, and eyebrows.

Affenpinscher Appearance

This small, balanced, wiry-haired, toy-type dog’s body proportions give a square appearance. The height, measured at the withers, is approximately the same as the body length.

They may look small, but there is nothing fragile or delicate in any way, they are sturdy, compact, and medium-boned.

Facial Region:

Their heads are quite small in relation to the rest of their body and they boast having Round, not long, domed forehead with a wide brow and clearly defined stop.

Their muzzles are short and without being so much blunt so that to cause any breathing issues.

They have full, round eyes which are very dark in color, medium in size, and in proportion with their head – never bulgy or protruding, with dogs always having a sparkle in them.

They have V-shaped ears that are set high on their head and they may stand upright, semi-erect, or droopy. The Affenpinscher has a slightly undershot jaw with a broader lower jaw or they may also have a level bite.


The straight, short neck is free from throatiness and merges smoothly into its long, flat, and sloping shoulders.  The body is compact with a straight topline that is slightly sloping down from high withers.

They have a moderately broad chest and the ribs are only flattened to some extent. Moderate angulation in hindquarters with feathered, compact, and well-cushioned feet.

Hind feet are slightly longer than forefeet. The natural tail is set high and they are carried curved gently over the back when the dog is in motion.

Affenpinscher Temperament

Affenpinschers are known for their spirited and affectionate nature. They are often described as lively, curious, and fearless.

Despite their small size, they exhibit a confident and self-assured demeanor. Affenpinschers are known to form strong bonds with their owners and can be protective of their families.

It’s important to note that Affenpinschers have a strong personality and may exhibit stubbornness at times.

Early and consistent training, along with positive reinforcement techniques, can help channel their intelligence and energy in a positive direction. They thrive in a loving and structured environment where boundaries are set with kindness and firmness.


  • Apartment Living – Yes
  • Good For First-Time Owners – Yes
  • Sensitivity Level – High
  • Loneliness – Averagely Suited To Be Alone
  • Cold Weather – Average
  • Hot Weather – Good


  • With Family – High
  • Kids – High
  • Other Dogs – Good, If Raised Together
  • With Cats – Good, If Raised Together
  • Other Pets – Good, If Raised Together
  • Strangers – Suspicious

General Behavior:

  • Independence – Fairly Independent
  • Dominance – Moderate
  • Combativeness – Aggressive
  • Indoors – Active
  • Outdoor – Moderately Active
  • Territorial – Yes
  • Easy Of Transportation – Medium

Affenpinscher Training

  • Trainability – Easy
  • Intelligence – High
  • Memory – High
  • Mouthiness – Low
  • Prey Drive – High
  • Wanderlust Potential – High

What about first-time owners?

Affenpinschers are a good choice for first-time dog owners because they are very trainable dogs.  These dogs are very eager to please and respond well to positive reinforcement techniques.

They thrive on being in a home environment but Affenpinscher is generally a little hard to house-train. However, start training at an early age, and their amenable, as well as people-oriented, makes them easier to train than many other terriers and dogs in general.

Affenpinschers tend to be of above-average intelligence, but they are not among the whiz kids of the canine world. They are compliant and hardly ever stubborn. They are almost always willing to give a try to please their owners.

However, they do have a training limit. Practice with your Affie what you have just taught him. And, once the basics are over, introduce the leash training in a safe, fenced-in location like your backyard or apartment courtyard.

You have to socialize an Affie from puppyhood as they are naturally suspicious of strangers. He is capable of soaking up everything you can teach even at eight weeks old.

Don’t delay to start your training more than 6 months or else, you will have a more headstrong dog to deal with. Preferably, introduce him into dog obedience class when he is around 3-4 months old, and socialize.

An Affen’s courage extends to carelessness about his physical safety. He is known to climb fences to sit on the top rail for a better view or jump off high furniture.

Provide steps and teach him to get on and off furniture safely. The Affen loves his people, but he can be stubborn in his desire to have his own way. He’s also highly intelligent, and his thought processes can astound you.

Those traits can mean that the Affen is challenging but rewarding to train. Be firm, consistent, and patient with him and your training will be successful.

Affenpinscher Care

Affenpinschers are a lively and energetic breed that requires regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Daily walks, playtime, and engaging activities in a secure and fenced area are essential for their well-being.

Despite their small size, they have moderate exercise needs and enjoy interactive play sessions with their owners. In terms of diet, Affenpinschers should be fed high-quality dog food that meets their nutritional requirements.

Portion control is important to prevent obesity, as this breed can be prone to weight gain. It’s always recommended to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate diet and feeding schedule for your Affenpinscher.

Socialization is crucial for Affenpinschers from an early age. They should be exposed to various people, animals, and environments to develop good manners and a well-rounded temperament.

Positive reinforcement training methods work best with this intelligent breed, as they respond well to praise, treats, and consistency.

  • Exercise Needs – Average
  • Intensity – High
  • Activity Level – Medium
  • Exercise Requirements – >30 Minutes/Day
  • Walk Mileage/Week – 6 Miles
  • Playfulness – High
  • Grooming Needs – High
  • Tendency To DroolNo
  • SnoreNo
  • BarkAverage
  • To DigLow
  • Social/Attention NeedsHigh

Affenpinscher Food

When it comes to listicles about food suggestions, the key is to provide a diverse range of options to cater to different tastes and dietary preferences.

Including a mix of popular dishes, regional specialties, and trending food trends can make the list more appealing. It’s also helpful to incorporate a variety of categories such as breakfast, lunch, dinner, snacks, and desserts.

Adding a brief description or highlighting the unique features of each dish can entice readers. Lastly, including a mix of easy-to-make recipes, restaurant recommendations, and international cuisines can make the list more informative and engaging.

Affenpinscher Grooming

  • Coat Density – Dense
  • Coat Length – Medium
  • Coat Texture – Straight
  • Brushing Frequency – Daily
  • Trimming/Stripping – Needed
  • Hypoallergenic – Yes
  • Shedding – Moderate

The Affenpinscher’s wiry and dense coat requires regular grooming to keep it in optimal condition. Weekly brushing helps prevent matting and removes loose hair.

Some owners opt to have their Affenpinscher’s coat professionally hand-stripped every few months to maintain its texture and appearance.

In addition to coat care, attention should be given to dental hygiene. Regular teeth brushing, as well as periodic professional dental cleanings, can help prevent dental issues that are common in small dog breeds.

Affenpinscher Health Issues

Like all dog breeds, Affenpinschers are prone to certain health issues.

Potential concerns include patellar luxation (dislocation of the kneecap), hip dysplasia (abnormal development of the hip joint), progressive retinal atrophy (a degenerative eye condition), and respiratory problems due to their short snouts.

Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and exercise can help mitigate the risk of these health issues.

Affenpinscher Puppies Names

Affenpinscher Male Puppy Names

  • Banana Joe
  • Bruno
  • Gordon
  • Gizmo
  • Lorax
  • Loki
  • Hulk
  • Keene
  • Mario
  • Tracy

Affenpinscher Female Puppy Names

  • Amelia
  • Bonnie
  • Beatrix
  • Gretta
  • Heidi
  • Lucy
  • Pebbles
  • Nia
  • Roxie
  • Scout

Affenpinscher Price

The cost of an Affenpinscher puppy can vary depending on various factors such as the breeder’s reputation, bloodline, location, and demand.

On average, you can expect to pay between $1,500 to $3,000 for a healthy and well-bred Affenpinscher puppy. It’s essential to do thorough research and choose a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health and welfare of their dogs.

Affenpinscher Breeders

When considering an Affenpinscher, it’s important to find a reputable breeder who is dedicated to the breed’s well-being.

A responsible breeder will prioritize the health and temperament of their dogs, perform health screenings on the parents, and provide proper socialization for the puppies.

They will also be knowledgeable about the breed’s history, characteristics, and potential health concerns. To find a reputable breeder, it’s recommended to contact local Affenpinscher clubs or breed-specific organizations.

They can provide valuable information, referrals, and resources to connect you with reputable breeders in your area.

Visiting the breeder’s facility in person is crucial to assess the living conditions, meet the parent dogs, and observe the overall health and temperament of the puppies.

Dog Breeders GIF


Click here to find Affenpinscher breeders in the USA.


The Affenpinscher is a delightful and charismatic breed that brings joy and companionship to many households.

With their unique appearance, lively temperament, and loyal nature, they make wonderful family pets for individuals and families alike.

However, potential owners should be prepared for their grooming needs, exercise requirements, and potential health issues.

By understanding the breed’s history, characteristics, and care requirements, you can make an informed decision about whether the Affenpinscher is the right companion for you.

Remember to choose a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health and welfare of their dogs, and always provides a loving and nurturing environment for your Affenpinscher throughout their lifespan.

With proper care and attention, an Affenpinscher can bring years of happiness and companionship to your life.

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