Dogs

Dog Bloat – Symptoms, Causes, And Treatments

Dog Bloat
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Do you know that your dog bloats? If you don’t know, don’t panic. Here’s an opportunity for you to know about dog bloat in detail.

First, understand that like humans, dogs bloat. It’s a very common health condition but can lead to death if the status becomes worse.

So, you must know…

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What Is Dog Bloat?

Bloat is nothing but the accumulation of gas. It happens when the dog’s stomach is full of air, food, or fluid. Bloat leads to stomach expansion, rotation or twist.

When the dog’s stomach is full of air, pressure builds up in his body and the blood doesn’t return to the heart from the abdomen and hind legs. Thus, the blood segregates at the back of a dog, leading the dog into shock.

Bloat can also lead to:

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Reduction or no blood supply to the heart
  • Stomach wall may tear

People are often confused with the terms “Bloat” and “GDV”. So, you must know about GDV as well.

Are Bloat and GDV Same?

No! Bloat and GDV are two different conditions. But, if your dog has an upset stomach, he may be having bloat or GDV.

If your dog’s stomach is full of air and if it leads to pain and other gastrointestinal problems, this condition is called bloat.

But, gastric dilation and volvulus (GDV) will occur when your dog has the bloated stomach and it twists. Stomach twist will also lead to the reduction or no blood supply to the stomach, heart and other important organs.

It is important to note that GDV can lead to death in dogs.

What Causes Bloat In Dogs?

Dogs bloat due to various reasons. But, it is unsure which factor exactly causes bloating in dogs.

In general, dogs may get bloat due to:

  • Eating habits
  • Certain foods
  • Stress
  • Physique
  • Exercise before and after eating

People believe that dogs bloat more due to eating habits, certain foods, and their physique.

Eating Habits

If dogs have the below eating habits, bloating usually occurs:

  • Eating fast
  • Having food in the raised food bowl
  • Having food in large quantity (that is a large meal)
  • Rapid drinking of too much water

Foods

  • Dry foods containing fat and citric acid
  • Soybean
  • Yeast

Physique

Dog’s physique makes them bloat. The below-mentioned dogs can bloat:

Large breeds having deep chest bloat generally.

Symptoms Of Bloat In Dogs

You can easily identify if your dog bloats. The basic symptoms

  • Restless behavior
  • Attempting to vomit
  • Feeling worried
  • Looking at the stomach often
  • Drooling
  • Swelling in the stomach

If the condition becomes serious, he may have

  • fast pulse rate
  • breathes fast
  • pale gums

Warning Signs of Bloat in Dogs

Please be aware of the warning signs of bloat in dogs

  • Restlessness
  • Swelling in Abdomen
  • Excessive saliva
  • Vomiting but nothing comes out

How Long Does the Bloat Last?

In dogs, bloating usually lasts for a minimum of half an hour. Thereafter, it shifts.

Which Breeds Get Bloat Common?

Some dog breeds get bloat more common.

Dog Bloat Treatment

Dog bloat is treatable. But, the treatment for your dog will depend on the severity of the condition. Thus, the vet will first diagnose your dog for having bloat or GDV before he starts treating him.

Let’s take a quick look at the step-by-step treatment procedure

  • First, the vet will do a complete physical examination of your dog and get x-rays.
  • If your dog is diagnosed with having bloat, the vet will release the gas built-up in the stomach by inserting a tube into the dog’s throat, which can go down to his stomach.
  • Sometimes, the tube the vet inserts won’t go down to his stomach. In such cases, the vet may insert a large, hollow needle in the dog’s belly that goes down to his stomach and releases the pressure.
  • Then, the vet will see the x-rays for stomach twist. If your dog has a twisted stomach, the vet will do surgery to bring the stomach back to its normal position. By fixing the stomach in its place, your dog won’t get bloat again. But, you have to discuss with the vet for post-operative care for your dog.
  • Generally, vets examine the dog and confirm if he is in shock. Before he proceeds, he will first give treatment for shock.
  • If your dog is in shock, the vet may provide fluids intravenous to make the heart rate slower in order to prevent the dog from heart failure. He may also give medicines, antibiotics, and painkillers to ensure the blood supply to the heart.
  • If a dog is stable after this treatment, the vet will remove the damaged tissue. But, the vets place the stomach back to the abdominal wall to prevent the stomach twist from occurring repeatedly.

How Much Does the Dog Bloat Treatment Cost?

Treatment for dog bloat is highly expensive. You have to spend around $1500 to $7500.

Surgery For Dog Bloat

If your dog is having bloat, take him to the vet as soon as possible. Because his condition may become severe if left untreated.

In general, the vet will insert a tube in your dog’s stomach and release the gas in case of bloat. But in the case of GDV, the vet may do either “gastropexy” or “pyloroplasty” surgery.

In gastropexy, the vet will fit the stomach wall to the abdominal wall. In a pyloroplasty, the pylorus (lower part of the stomach) will be widened and this leads to emptying the stomach contents into the small intestine.

Home Remedy 

You can treat bloat in your dog through a few home remedies.

But, always

  • Keep your pet calm and quiet and while he suffers from bloating
  • Do not allow him to eat or drink
  • Then, give your dog the recommended medicine to relieve the gas.

Have a glance at a few home remedies

  • Keep “Nutmeg” always in hand. You can feed him a half teaspoon of nutmeg to relieve the gas.
  • You can use also give your dog “Gas X” or “Phazyme”. Always keep in hand “the simethicone products”.
  • The vet generally recommends giving “Simethicone” in cases of more burping and excess gas.

But, it is always advisable to consult the vet if your dog is not okay even after the home treatment. Always, don’t delay to meet the vet.

How To Prevent Bloat In Dogs

You can prevent bloating in dogs in the following ways:

  • Feed your dog in small portions of food
  • Provide him water in a normal amount
  • Don’t feed scraps or foods that cause gas
  • Gradually switch over the dog food
  • Don’t allow him to play before or after meals
  • Don’t feed dry food
  • Feed a proper raw food diet
  • Don’t use a raised food bowl
  • Feed a high-protein diet
  • Avoid baking soda while you cook for him
  • Feed high amount of fiber

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