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Cataracts In Cats – Symptoms, Causes, And Treatments

Cataracts In Cats
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Cataracts are a common eye condition in cats where the normally clear lens of the eye becomes cloudy or opaque. This cloudiness can make it difficult for light to reach the retina, leading to vision problems in cats. Cataracts can be caused by injury, inflammation, genetics, or aging.

Symptoms Of Cataracts In Cats

Symptoms of cataracts in cats include:

  • Blurred or cloudy vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Squinting
  • Changes in behavior or activity levels
  • Increased tear production
  • Decreased ability to see at night
  • Cloudy or milky appearance of the lens

Types Of Cataracts In Cats

There are several types of cataracts, including congenital cataracts, which are present at birth, and age-related cataracts, which develop as the cat gets older. Other types of cataracts include traumatic cataracts, which are caused by injury, and metabolic cataracts, which are caused by underlying health conditions such as diabetes.

Causes Of Cataracts In Cats

Cataracts in cats can be caused by several factors, including:

  • Aging: As cats grow older, the lenses in their eyes can become more opaque and develop cataracts.
  • Genetics: Some breeds of cats, such as Persians and Siamese, are more prone to developing cataracts.
  • Trauma: Physical injury to the eye can lead to cataracts.
  • Inflammation: Chronic or severe inflammation in the eye can cause cataracts to develop.
  • Systemic diseases: Certain diseases, such as diabetes, can increase the risk of cataracts in cats.
  • Toxins: Exposure to toxins, such as certain medications or heavy metals, can lead to the formation of cataracts.

Diagnosis Of Cataracts In Cats

Diagnosis of cataracts in cats is done by a veterinarian, who will perform a thorough eye examination. This may include measuring the pressure in the eye, checking for other eye problems, and looking for changes in the lens.

If you suspect your cat may have cataracts, it is important to seek veterinary care as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can help preserve your cat’s vision and improve its quality of life.

A veterinarian can perform a thorough eye examination and provide recommendations for treatment or management of the condition.

Treatments For Cataracts In Cats

Treatment options for cataracts in cats can vary depending on the cause, severity, and progression of the condition. Some of the most common treatments include:

  • Surgery: Treatments for cataracts in cats may include surgical removal of the lens, a procedure known as cataract surgery. This procedure is typically performed by a veterinary ophthalmologist and can restore vision in many cats.
  • Medications: In some cases, medications may be prescribed to manage the underlying cause of cataracts, such as inflammation or diabetes, and may be recommended to slow the progression of the cataract and manage any associated health issues.
  • Dietary changes: Adding antioxidants to your cat’s diet can help slow the progression of cataracts and protect their vision.
  • Regular eye exams: Regular eye exams can help monitor the progression of cataracts and detect any new vision problems.
  • Vision aids: In some cases, vision aids, such as special lenses or magnifying glasses, can be prescribed to help cats see more clearly.

It’s important to work closely with your veterinarian to determine the best treatment plan for your cat’s individual needs. In some cases, a combination of treatments may be recommended to achieve the best outcome.

Cat Breeds Affected By Cataracts In Cats

Some breeds of cats, such as the Siamese, Persian, and Maine Coons, are more susceptible to cataracts. Keeping your cat at a healthy weight and managing any underlying health conditions, such as diabetes, can help prevent the development of cataracts.

Food Suggestions For Cataracts In Cats

In terms of diet, there is no specific food that can prevent cataracts in cats. However, a balanced and nutritious diet, combined with regular exercise and appropriate health care, can help maintain your cat’s overall health and well-being.

Talk to your veterinarian about the best diet for your cat and its individual health needs.

Prevention Of Cataracts In Cats

Preventing cataracts in cats can be challenging, but there are several things you can do to reduce the risk of vision problems:

  • Provide a healthy diet: Feeding your cat a balanced diet rich in antioxidants can help protect their eyes and reduce the risk of cataracts.
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Overweight cats are more prone to developing cataracts, so it is important to help them maintain a healthy weight through exercise and a balanced diet.
  • Avoid exposing your cat to toxins: Exposure to certain toxins, such as heavy metals, can increase the risk of cataracts. Be mindful of the medications your cat is taking and limit their exposure to potential toxins.
  • Provide regular eye exams: Regular eye exams can help detect cataracts early, allowing for prompt treatment to prevent further vision problems.
  • Maintain good overall health: Keeping your cat in good health through regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and exercise can help reduce the risk of cataracts.

It’s important to remember that even with these preventative measures, some cats may still develop cataracts. If you notice any changes in your cat’s vision or eye health, be sure to see a veterinarian for a thorough eye exam.


In conclusion, cataracts in cats can lead to vision problems and decreased quality of life. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to help maintain good vision and overall health. Consult a veterinarian if you suspect your cat may have cataracts.


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