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Top 10 Police Dog Breeds And The Jobs They Do

Police Dog Breeds
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Most active and agile and always keen to enter the scene when law and order go for a toss, these amazing police dog breeds are ready to protect and serve.

The multi-talents or skills of a dog were not officially identified until the 1800s. All police dogs are special and daring.

These brilliant dogs come from generations and generations of dog breeding to perform the most difficult tasks that police dogs are expected to accomplish.

All these police dogs are well-known for their smartness, exuberance and hard work.

So, what do police canines actually do?

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Top Police Dogs [Video]

German Shepherd

A German shepherd is the most common and the first dog breed been trained as a Police dog. In the United States of America, people still prefer this breed.


The height of a male is from 24 to 26 inches and the female’s height is from 22 to 24 inches.


Males weigh 66 to 88 lbs and the females weigh 49 to 71 lbs.


This breed lives for about at least 9 to 13 years.


Strong, intelligent, alert and loyal, the well-muscled German shepherd does various roles. Fearless breed, the German shepherd is able to track down a criminal.

German shepherd also well suits to search and rescue and operations. He is a superb sniffer dog as well. Intelligence, enthusiasm and eager to please traits make him able to do any kind of police activities.

Famous German Shepherd

Etzel von Oeringen is the first German shepherd trained as a Police dog. It also appeared in the film “The Return of Boston Blackie” in 1927.

Belgian Malinois

Belgian Malinois, German shepherd’s smaller cousin, is a perfect police dog. He is the second most popular police dog in the United States of America.

Intelligence and obedience make him well suitable for chasing and tracking down criminals.


Males are quite tall than the females and stand 24 to 26 inches, whereas the females’ height can range from 22 to 24 inches.


The weight of males is from 60 to 80 pounds and the females’ weight is from 40 to 60 pounds.

Life Expectancy

This breed’s life span is from 14 to 16 years.


Confident, loyal, smart and hardworking, Belgian Malinois suits well for military works. Having natural herding characteristics, Belgian Malinois is a good protector.

Famous Belgian Malinois

Belgian Malinois was used as ambulance dog and messenger carrier during World War I. Cairo, the Belgian Malinois, was the crucial member of Seal Team Six, which conducted the raid in 2011 to capture Osama Bin Laden.


Bloodhound has a tracking nose by nature. He is famous for his great sense of smell, which helps him to identify the lost person by following the scent the person wears.


The height of males is between 25 and 27 inches and the females’ height is between 23 and 25 inches.


Males weigh between 90 and 110 pounds and females weigh anywhere around 80 to 100 pounds.

Life Span

Bloodhound has the life span of about 10 to 12 years.


Friendly, curious and independent, Bloodhound suits well in the narcotics department. He is able to track down the convicts who escaped as well as missing children.

Famous Bloodhound

In 1805, Bloodhound was first used to search for thieves and poachers.


Intelligent and having a good physique, Rottweiler has been used as a police dog for several years. Rottweiler is a large dog and is able to track down the criminals.


Male rottweiler’s height is between 24 and 27 inches and the females’ height is anywhere around 22 to 25 inches.


Male Rottweiler weighs between 95 and 135 pounds and the female weighs anywhere around 80 to 100 pounds.




Life Span

Rottweiler lives for about 9 to 10 years.


Confident, loving, loyal and obedient, Rottweiler focuses on his task and does his job perfectly. He is the K9 unit type dog.

Famous Rottweiler

During World War I and II, Rottweilers were used as messenger dogs.


Beagle is a small, but a sniffer dog. Although he is short in size, he is a police dog due to his sniffing skills.


Beagle is short in size and stands for about 13 to 15 inches.


He weighs between 20 and 30 pounds.

Life Span

Beagle has the life span of about 10 to 15 years.


Curious and friendly, Beagle is a great sniffer dog in the narcotics department. You can find Beagle in border zones and airports.

Labrador Retriever 

The sweet Labrador retriever is a great police dog. Bred as a hunting dog, he is a good sniffer dog as well.


Labrador retriever is neither large nor short dogs. Male labs stand between 22.5 and 24.5 inches and females stand anywhere around 21.5 and 23.5 inches.


Males weigh between 65 and 80 pounds. Females weigh anywhere between 55 and 70 pounds.

Life Expectancy

Labrador retriever has a life span of about 10 to 12 years.


Active, friendly, outgoing and obedient, Labrador retriever does well in search and rescue operations.

Labrador is also able to detect narcotics or explosives by barking at or scratching the location where the explosive is hidden.

Dutch Shepherd 

Dutch shepherd looks like German shepherd in size and color. This breed is a popular search and rescue dog.


Dutch shepherd stands tall between 21.5 and 24.5 inches.


Dutch shepherd weighs between 42 and 75 pounds.

Life Span

Dutch shepherd lives for about 11 to 14 years.





Alert, lively and athletic, Dutch shepherd is a highly intelligent dog. He is easy to train and is a competent working dog.

Dutch shepherd suits well for guiding and search and rescue operations.

Doberman Pinscher

Doberman pinscher looks lean, but he has an athletic physique. He is a fast dog as well. His physique helps him to be suitable for police work.


Male Doberman stands between 26 and 28 inches and the female stands anywhere around 24 and 26 inches.


Male Doberman weighs between 75 and 100 pounds and the female weighs anywhere around 60 and 90 pounds.

Life Expectancy

Doberman pinscher has a moderate life span. He lives for about 10 to 12 years.


Doberman pinscher is a fearless, alert and loyal breed. With his powerful and muscular physique, Doberman is able to catch up the criminals, grab the arm of criminals and hold them from escape.

So, Doberman well suits for police work with his traits. His look itself represents order to others.

American Pitbull Terrier

American pit bull terrier is the latest addition to police work. In the early dogs, American pit bull terriers were used in bull and bear-baiting.

Due to his fearlessness, he has been used in law enforcement nowadays.


Male American pit bull terrier stands between 18 and 21 inches. Female American pitbull terrier stands anywhere around 17 and 20 inches.


Males weigh between 35 and 60 pounds and the females weigh anywhere around 30 to 50 pounds.

Life Span

American pit bull terrier has a long lifespan. He lives for about 8 to 15 years.


Determined and courageous, this fearless breed has more strength and stamina. Because of these traits, he is suitable for detection and patrolling duties. He is one of the best police dog breeds.

German Shorthaired Pointer

German shorthaired pointers are popular for his sense of smell. He is a versatile, gundog.


German shorthaired pointer is a medium-size dog. The height of males is between 23 and 25 inches and the females’ height is around 21 to 23 inches.


Males weigh between 55 and 70 pounds and the females weigh around 45 to 60 pounds.

Life Span

German shorthaired pointer lives for about 10 to 12 years.


Due to the sense of smell, German shorthaired pointers are able to track the missing persons. So, he is a cadaver dog.

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